Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a developmental disorder that affects communication, social interaction, and behaviour. It is a spectrum disorder, which means that it affects individuals to varying degrees. Some individuals with autism may have mild symptoms, while others may have more severe symptoms that require ongoing support and assistance.
While the signs of autism can vary widely, there are some common behaviours and characteristics that are often associated with the disorder. Here are some of the signs to look out for:
Social communication difficulties: Children with ASD may have difficulty with verbal and nonverbal communication. They may have delayed speech, speak in a monotone voice, or have trouble with eye contact. They may also have difficulty understanding social cues, such as body language or facial expressions.
Repetitive behaviours: Many children with ASD engage in repetitive behaviours, such as hand-flapping, rocking back and forth, or repeating certain words or phrases. These behaviours may be comforting or calming to the child, but can interfere with their daily activities and social interactions.
Difficulty with change: Children with ASD may have difficulty with changes in routine or unexpected events. They may become upset and throw tantrums when their routine is disrupted or may have trouble adapting to new situations.
Sensory sensitivities: Children with ASD may have hypersensitivity or hyposensitivity to sensory input, such as sounds, textures, or light. They may become overwhelmed by certain sensory experiences or seek out certain sensory experiences, such as spinning or jumping.
Lack of social interaction: Children with ASD may have difficulty with social interaction and making friends. They may prefer to play alone or may have difficulty understanding social rules and norms.
Fixated interests: Many children with ASD have fixated interests or obsessions, such as a fascination with a particular topic or object. They may talk about their interests obsessively or become upset when their interests are interrupted.
If you are concerned that your child may have autism, it is important to seek professional help. Early intervention can make a significant difference in a child's development and quality of life. Our developmental specialists at Littlefoot can evaluate your child's behaviour, communication, and social skills, and provide recommendations for treatment and support.
Written by Vinitha Vincent Henry